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论文题目: Dissolved carbon and CDOM in lake ice and underlying waters along a salinity gradient in shallow lakes of Northeast China
英文论文题目: Dissolved carbon and CDOM in lake ice and underlying waters along a salinity gradient in shallow lakes of Northeast China
第一作者: 宋开山
英文第一作者: Kai S.Song
联系作者: 宋开山
英文联系作者: Kai S.Song
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发表年度: 2019
卷: 571
期:
页码: 545-558
摘要:

The variations of DOC and DIC concentrations in lake ice and underlying waters were examined in 40 shallow lakes across the Songnen Plain, Northeast China. The lakes, frozen annually during winter, included freshwater and brackish systems (EC>1000?μScm1; range: 17112607?μScm1 in underlying water). Results showed that lake ice contained lower DOC (7.2mgL1) and DIC (6.7mgL1) concentration compared to the underlying waters (58.2 and 142.4mgL1, respectively). Large differences in DOC and DIC concentrations of underlying waters were also observed between freshwater (mean?±?SD: 22.3?±?11.5mgL1, 50.7?±?20.6mgL1) and brackish lakes (83.3?±?138.0mgL1, 247.0?±?410.5mgL1). A mass balance model was developed to describe the relative distribution of solutes and chemical attributes between ice and the underlying waters. Results showed that water depth and ice thickness were the key factors regulating the spatial distribution of solutes in the frozen lakes. Chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) absorption coefficient at 320nm, aCDOM(320) and specific UV absorbance (SUVA254) were used to characterize CDOM composition and quality. Compared to the underlying waters, CDOM present in ice largely included low aromaticity organic substances, an outcome perhaps facilitated by ice formation and photo-degradation. In ice and underlying freshwaters, CDOM predominantly included organic C fractions of high aromaticity, while low aromaticity organic substances were observed for brackish lakes. Results of this study suggest that, if water salinity increases due to climate change and anthropogenic activities, significant changes can occur in the dissolved carbon and fate of CDOM in these shallow lakes. 

英文摘要:

The variations of DOC and DIC concentrations in lake ice and underlying waters were examined in 40 shallow lakes across the Songnen Plain, Northeast China. The lakes, frozen annually during winter, included freshwater and brackish systems (EC>1000?μScm1; range: 17112607?μScm1 in underlying water). Results showed that lake ice contained lower DOC (7.2mgL1) and DIC (6.7mgL1) concentration compared to the underlying waters (58.2 and 142.4mgL1, respectively). Large differences in DOC and DIC concentrations of underlying waters were also observed between freshwater (mean?±?SD: 22.3?±?11.5mgL1, 50.7?±?20.6mgL1) and brackish lakes (83.3?±?138.0mgL1, 247.0?±?410.5mgL1). A mass balance model was developed to describe the relative distribution of solutes and chemical attributes between ice and the underlying waters. Results showed that water depth and ice thickness were the key factors regulating the spatial distribution of solutes in the frozen lakes. Chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) absorption coefficient at 320nm, aCDOM(320) and specific UV absorbance (SUVA254) were used to characterize CDOM composition and quality. Compared to the underlying waters, CDOM present in ice largely included low aromaticity organic substances, an outcome perhaps facilitated by ice formation and photo-degradation. In ice and underlying freshwaters, CDOM predominantly included organic C fractions of high aromaticity, while low aromaticity organic substances were observed for brackish lakes. Results of this study suggest that, if water salinity increases due to climate change and anthropogenic activities, significant changes can occur in the dissolved carbon and fate of CDOM in these shallow lakes. 

刊物名称: Journal of Hydrology
英文刊物名称: Journal of Hydrology
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英文论文类别: K. S. Song, Z. D. Wen, P. A. Jacinthe, Y. Zhao and J. Du
参与作者: K. S. Song, Z. D. Wen, P. A. Jacinthe, Y. Zhao and J. Du
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