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论文题目: Asymmetric effects of daytime and nighttime warming on spring phenology in the temperate grasslands of China
英文论文题目: Asymmetric effects of daytime and nighttime warming on spring phenology in the temperate grasslands of China
第一作者: 神祥金
英文第一作者: Shen,Xiangjin
联系作者: 神祥金,吕宪国
英文联系作者: Shen,Xiangjin Lv,Xianguo
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发表年度: 2018
卷: 259
期:
页码: 240-249
摘要:

Understanding the spring phenology of temperate grasslands and its response to climate change are crucial for diagnosing the responses of ecosystem to regional climate change and projecting regional ecosystem carbon exchange. Using NDVI data from 1982 to 2015, this study investigated the changes of the start date of the vegetation growing season (SOS) for the temperate grasslands of China, and explored the possible effects of average monthly T-max, T-min, and total precipitation on the SOS across different grassland vegetation types. We improved on prior studies of climate change in China's temperate zone by focusing only on grasslands unchanged over this extended study period. The results showed that the SOS significantly advanced at a rate of 1.84 days/decade from 1982 to 2015, controlled mainly by spring precipitation and spring and winter temperatures, with differing degrees of influence among vegetation types. On average, an increase of 10 mm in spring precipitation would advance SOS by 1.7 days across the temperate grasslands of China. Although warmer temperatures generally led to advanced SOS, this study revealed for the first time that the seasonal effects of daytime and nighttime warming on the SOS of temperate grasslands in China were asymmetric, with T-max more influential in winter and Tmin more influential in spring. An increase of 1 degrees C in winter T-max and spring T-min would advance SOS by 0.42 and 1.34 days, respectively, compared with effects of 0.24 or 0.64 days for 1 degrees C increases in winter T-min or spring T-max. Given the global asymmetry in daytime and nighttime warming, this study highlights the asymmetric effects of daytime and nighttime warming on the SOS of temperate grasslands in China, and suggests that the impacts of seasonal T-max and T-min should be considered separately in the SOS modules of terrestrial ecosystem models for temperate grasslands.

英文摘要:

Understanding the spring phenology of temperate grasslands and its response to climate change are crucial for diagnosing the responses of ecosystem to regional climate change and projecting regional ecosystem carbon exchange. Using NDVI data from 1982 to 2015, this study investigated the changes of the start date of the vegetation growing season (SOS) for the temperate grasslands of China, and explored the possible effects of average monthly T-max, T-min, and total precipitation on the SOS across different grassland vegetation types. We improved on prior studies of climate change in China's temperate zone by focusing only on grasslands unchanged over this extended study period. The results showed that the SOS significantly advanced at a rate of 1.84 days/decade from 1982 to 2015, controlled mainly by spring precipitation and spring and winter temperatures, with differing degrees of influence among vegetation types. On average, an increase of 10 mm in spring precipitation would advance SOS by 1.7 days across the temperate grasslands of China. Although warmer temperatures generally led to advanced SOS, this study revealed for the first time that the seasonal effects of daytime and nighttime warming on the SOS of temperate grasslands in China were asymmetric, with T-max more influential in winter and Tmin more influential in spring. An increase of 1 degrees C in winter T-max and spring T-min would advance SOS by 0.42 and 1.34 days, respectively, compared with effects of 0.24 or 0.64 days for 1 degrees C increases in winter T-min or spring T-max. Given the global asymmetry in daytime and nighttime warming, this study highlights the asymmetric effects of daytime and nighttime warming on the SOS of temperate grasslands in China, and suggests that the impacts of seasonal T-max and T-min should be considered separately in the SOS modules of terrestrial ecosystem models for temperate grasslands.

刊物名称: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
英文刊物名称: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
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参与作者: B. H. Liu, M. Henderson, L. Wang, Z. F. Wu, H. T. Wu, M. Jiang and X. G. Lu
英文参与作者: B. H. Liu, M. Henderson, L. Wang, Z. F. Wu, H. T. Wu, M. Jiang and X. G. Lu